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References and Links


  1. The ‘MUST’ report. Nutritional screening for adults: a multidisciplinary responsibility. Elia M, editor. 2003. Redditch, UK, BAPEN.
  2. Stratton RJ et al. Disease-related malnutrition: an evidence-based approach to treatment. Oxford: CABI publishing; 2003.
  3. Guest JF et al. Health economic impact of managing patients following a community-based diagnosis of malnutrition in the UK. Clin Nutr 2011; 30(4):422-429.
  4. Elia M et al. The cost of disease-related malnutrition in the UK and economic considerations for the use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) in adults. A report by BAPEN. 2005. Redditch, UK, BAPEN.
  5. Elia M and Stratton RJ. Calculating the cost of disease-related malnutrition in the UK in 2007 (public expenditure only) in: Combating Malnutrition: Recommendations for Action. Report from the advisory group on malnutrition, led by BAPEN. 2009.
  6. Elia M and Russell CA. Combating Malnutrition: Recommendations for Action. Report from the advisory group on malnutrition, led by BAPEN. 2009.
  7. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Nutrition support in adults: oral nutrition support, enteral tube feeding and parenteral nutrition. Clinical Guideline 32. 2006.
  8. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Cost saving guidance: Accessed 17.01.2012
  9. Stratton RJ and Elia M. Encouraging appropriate, evidence based use of oral nutritional supplements. Proc Nut Soc (2010); 69(4):477-487
  10. Russell CA and Elia M. Nutrition Screening Survey in the UK and Republic of Ireland in 2010. A report by the British Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN)
  11. Stratton RJ et al. Malnutrition in hospital outpatients: prevalence, concurrent validity and ease of use of the malnutrition universal screening tool’ (‘MUST’) for adults. Br J Nutr (2004):92, 799-808.
  12. Collins PF et al. Prevalence of malnutrition in outpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Proc Nut Soc 2010: vol. 69; Issue OCE2; E148.
  13. Manual of Dietetic Practice. 4th ed. Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2007.
  14. National Prescribing Centre. Prescribing of adult oral nutritional supplements (ONS). Guiding principles on improving the systems and processes for ONS use. Accessed 17.4.12.
  15. Gariballa S et al. A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of nutritional supplementation during acute illness. Am J Med 2006; 119(8):693-699.
  16. BMJ Group and the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain 2011. British National Formulary.
  17. Stratton RJ and Elia M. A review of reviews: A new look at the evidence for oral nutritional supplements in clinical practice. Clinical Nutrition Supplements 2, 5-23. 2007.
  18. Norman K et al. Three month intervention with protein and energy rich supplements improve muscle function and quality of life in malnourished patients with non-neoplastic gastrointestinal disease- a randomised controlled trial. Clin Nutr 2008; 27(1):48-56.
  19. Baldwin C and Weekes CE. Dietary advice with or without oral nutritional supplements for disease related malnutrition in adults (review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [9]. 2011.
  20. Cawood AL et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of high-protein oral nutritional supplements. Ageing Research Reviews in press 2012.
  21. Stratton RJ et al. Systematic review and Meta-analysis of the effects of oral nutritional supplements on hospital admissions. Clin Nutr Supp (2011);6(1):16’
  22. Nieuwenhuizen WF et al. Older adults and patients in need of nutritional support: review of current treatment options and factors influencing nutritional intake. Clin Nutr 2010; 29(2):160-169.
  23. Hubbard GP et al. A systematic review of compliance to oral nutritional supplements. Clinical Nutrition in press 2012.

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